Tag Archives: nouns

Word Formation and Grammar Review- Selectividad

10 Jun

Forming Nouns:

http://www.flo-joe.co.uk/fce/students/strategy/wfmation/ex2.htm

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Verbs, Adjectives and Nouns

25 May

Here are some woordles with different vocabulary that’s maybe useful for selectividad.  You can study one and try to think of the equivalent words from the other categories.  For example if I see the word “help” on the verb sheet, I must think of how is the noun form “helpfulness” and as an adjective, “helpful.”

 VERBS
Wordle: verbs

NOUNS

Wordle: Nouns

ADJECTIVES
Wordle: Adjectives

Word Formation, Adjectives, Adverbs…

15 May

Word Formation —Do these interactive games online to practice your word formation!

Verb to Noun (Suffixes)

Verb to Adjective

Adjectives to Noun

Compound Nouns

Compound Nouns 2

Antonyms–>
These are the intermediate levels going from easier to more difficult.
Antonym Word Match 

Antyonym Word Match 2

Antyonym Word Match 3

Easier Antonym Activities:
Antonyms

Antonyms2

 

Modifying Adjectives and Adverbs Exercise

http://www.autoenglish.org/gr.modify.i.htm

Adjective Word Order
http://www.autoenglish.org/generalgrammar/adjorderpal/adjorder.html 

Adverbs of Degree

http://www.autoenglish.org/gr.degree.i.htm

Adverbs of Manner
http://www.autoenglish.org/gr.adverbs.i.htm

Adverb PowerPoint click below to see it!
http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/knewmanster-1421023-adverbs/
 

Nouns and their endings!

19 Apr

Take this quiz on the BBC page to practice the noun endings.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/apps/ifl/worldservice/quiznet/quizengine?ContentType=text/html;quiz=1411_abstract

**This is good for the “root” exercise in USE OF ENGLISH (Selectividad)

 
Nouns in English: classification, rules, forms and exceptions. Their morphology, affixation and special usage.

Let’s figure out what is a noun and what role it plays in the English language. First of all, noun is a part of speech which defines an object. This should not necessarily be an inanimate object (table, house), but could also be a living creature (girl, man). Not to mention that nouns could be not only material, but also abstract.

Love, kindness, knowledge – these are the abstract nouns, those that cannot be touched or put into your pocket.

So we could say that a noun is an object with a variety of its characteristics.

The classification of English nouns.

By meaning the English nouns are divided into Proper Nouns and Common Nouns.

Let’s consider Proper Nouns in detail.

These include:

1. Personal names (Carl Bormann, Michael Standy)
2. Geographical names (Atlantic Ocean, Moscow)
3. Names of the months and days of the week (August, Wednesday)
4. Names of the ships, hotels, clubs (Mayflower, Tropicana, House of Blues)

Notably, many personal nouns became common nouns in the process of word formation (Take a bottle of champagne with you).

Common Nouns

1. A group of people or objects which is regarded as a single unit (family, peasantry).
2. Different materials (steel, iron ore, wood).
3. Abstract notions (kindness, responsibility).

By formation the English nouns are divided into:

1. Simple – nouns without suffixes / prefixes, words are presented only in the base form (mouse, chain, table).
2. Derivatives – nouns formed by adding a suffix / prefix. In turn, there could be productive and unproductive suffixes. Productive suffixes are called this way because they are involved in the word formation in the modern language. Unproductive suffixes are not involved.

Let’s present a small table:

Unproductive suffixes Productive suffixes
er – driver, collector-ist – journalist, accompanist

-ess – mistress, actress

-ness – madness, redness

-ism – socialism, anarchism

-hood – neighborhood, childhood-dom – freedom, boredom

-ship – friendship, ownership

-ment – judgment, development

-ance – importance, appearance

-ence – dependence, difference

-ly – slowly, lively

-ity – curiosity, clarity

3. Compound nouns are made up of two or more simple words.

Ways of forming compound nouns:

• Noun base + noun base (snowball, skyscraper)
• Adjective base + noun base (blackmail, gentleman)
• Verb base + noun base (ringtone, pickpocket)

Countable and uncountable nouns

Also, English nouns are divided into countable and uncountable nouns.

Countable nouns are nouns that we can count

I have two toys. How many toys do you have? – I have five toys (toy – toys)

My friends always help me with my homework. ( friend – friends)

Uncountable nouns are little bit complicated. These may include several categories of words, such as:

• Liquids (water, beer, wine)
• Materials (plastic, glass)
• Sciences (mathematics, history)
• Languages (Japanese, German)
• Illnesses (flu, mumps)

And many other categories.

As usual, uncountable nouns in English could be both in the singular and plural forms.

This news is very depressing. (News – always in the singular)

The police did all they could to arrest the criminal.

I want to buy a new pair of jeans, the old ones are torn. (Police, jeans – always in the plural)

Some words in the context could be both countable and uncountable.

This toy is made of paper. (Uncountable, material)

I want all you papers on my table by lunch time. (Countable, papers here meaning documents)